Why do I need to know my times-tables?

Having a good working knowledge of times-tables is one of those key, foundational skills that underpin many areas of mathematics. Knowing the facts is different to understanding the concept but both are invaluable to enabling children to make good progress in mathematics. The general expectations in the UK for learning times-tables are as follows: year 1 – understand how to count in equal groups of a number (repeated addition) Year 2, (6-7 years) – 2,5 and 10 x table facts, Year 3 ( 7 – 8 years) – 3 , 4 and 8 times tables and Year 4 (8 – 9 years) all times-tables facts up to 12 x 12. Years 5 and 6 – (9 – 11 years) revision of time-stables facts up to 12 x 12. Once mastered, a good working knowledge of time-stables facts enables children to work more efficiently and with greater confidence in all areas of calculation; help them make sense of fractions, decimals, percentages, ratio and proportion; enables them to see patterns and connections in number sequences. The key here is consistency. If you spend just 10 minutes a day working on times-tables, most children will make a noticeable improvement in just a few weeks.

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